How to prevent malaria – Soon to an exotic destination? Have you checked if the region is a malaria risk area?
Do you know the essential tips for the prevention of malaria?
Find the top ten ways to get sick on holiday and make the most of your vacation.
The Top 10 Tips for How to prevent malaria
1. Determine your risk
Find out about your destination and the risk of getting malaria. Things to consider are: the time of year you travel, the length of your stay, the activities you plan and where you will live. The risk of infection can vary considerably, even within a country. Successful malaria prophylaxis depends on your knowledge – make sure you know about malaria risk areas before you travel.
2. Stay in well-screened areas at night
Avoid sleeping outside or near areas where mosquitoes like to live. stagnant water (tires, lakes, landfills). If you sleep in a tent, make sure there are no holes anywhere and always keep the door closed. These can be very simple rules, but they can significantly increase the success of your malaria prevention.
3. Always use an insecticide-soaked mosquito net
Make sure the net is not damaged and make sure it is properly stowed under the mattress. The room itself should have additional nets on the windows and doors. Keep the air conditioner on, mosquitoes tend to stay in cool, air-conditioned rooms.
4. Use mosquito repellent
Use an insect repellent with pyrethroids in all living and sleeping areas, especially in the evening and at night.
5. Go for long sleeves
Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants in the evening and at night. The less skin is exposed, the better. In addition, you can treat your clothes with permethrin to increase your protection.
6. Insect repellent again
Insect repellent creams or lotions should be applied to all remaining exposed areas of the skin, especially in the evening and at night. It is advisable to apply the repellent during the day as well. You never know, a certain mosquito could bite you in broad daylight.
7. Sunscreen comes first – repellent second
If you use sunscreen, it should be applied first and the insect repellent secondly. The insect repellent does not work if you cover it with a thick layer of sunscreen. Alternatively, use a sunscreen that contains a repellent.
8. Check the malaria risks – get a malaria drug (if necessary)
Depending on the risk of malaria at your destination, it may be necessary to take malaria prophylaxis either daily or weekly. Before you leave, contact a travel clinic, health care provider, or an online doctor like ours (www.dred.com) to discuss your specific preventive needs.
Depending on the medications you are taking, you must take the medication up to two weeks before entering the risk area. In medium-risk areas, it may be sufficient to take a course of treatment as a stand-by drug. You would not take the medication until you feel flu-like symptoms during your journey.
9. Follow your recipe carefully
Do not forget to take the anti-malaria during your trip (or as recommended) and do not stop taking it too soon after your return. Most medications must be continued for 4 weeks after leaving the area affected by malaria.
10. Be on the safe side
If you experience any flu-like symptoms within 6 months of your return, please tell each doctor who treated you about the trip and the areas you were in. Although malaria infection usually causes symptoms within 1 or 2 weeks, it could take much longer (months) for the disease to break out. Even if you have done everything right, there is always a small risk of getting malaria.
Looking for malaria tablets before taking off? You can order your prescription online at DrEd.com and our London NHS-regulated physicians will send you your malaria tablets if you are eligible.