Cholera is a disease caused by bacteria that produce watery diarrhea that can quickly lead to dehydration.
Symptoms and signs of cholera include a rapid onset of delusional diarrhea and a potato-like slide that may lead to signs of dehydration (eg, vomiting, wrinkled skin, low blood pressure, dry mouth, and rapid heart rate).
Cholera is often transmitted by water sources contaminated with cholera-causing bacteria, Vibrio cholera, although contaminated foods, especially raw oysters, may transport cholera-causing bacteria.
Cholera is diagnosed by default by the patient’s history and stool examination for the appearance of rice and water having V. Cholera-like microorganisms. The final diagnosis is done by isolation and identification of cholera V. from stool samples.
The main treatment for cholera is replacement of fluid and electrolyte, oral and IV. Antibiotics are usually used in severe infections where droughts occur.
The cholera diagnosis ranges from excellent to poor. Rapid treatment with fluids and electrolytes leads to better results while people with other health problems besides cholera or those who do not regenerate quickly with fluid treatments tend to have the most severe diagnosis.
Cholera can be prevented by appropriate measures such as safe drinking water and non-contaminated food; some protection from oral vaccines can be obtained while avoiding areas where cholera occurs most commonly or recently.
In June 2016, the FDA approved a oral vaccine for use in the United States for travelers to cholera-endemic areas to protect them from cholera; this oral vaccine is about 80% effective three months after a single oral dose in adults 18-64 years.
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How long is cholera?
The person is no longer contagious for Cholera when they have no symptoms of cholera and no Vibrio bacteria detected in their stools. Cholera usually lasts for about a week, unless severe symptoms develop. Although a person may no longer be infectious to Cholera, the infection does not provide sufficient immunity to prevent the person from going down with cholera again if exposed to bacteria.
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What is cholera?
Cholera is a severe infectious disease caused by bacteria, cholera (V. cholera), which usually leads to a painless watery diarrhea in humans. Some affected individuals have copious amounts of diarrhea and develop severe dehydration that can lead to death. Most people who get the disease eat living organisms through contaminated food or water sources with cholera. Although symptoms may be mild, some earlier healthy people will develop abundant diarrhea within about 1-5 days after ingestion of bacteria. Serious illness requires immediate medical attention. Hydration (usually by the fourth to very patients) of the patient, antibiotics in some individuals, is the key to survival of acute form of disease.
WHO has maps of current and past areas with cholera outbreaks (see WHO reference). It is estimated that about 1.4 million to 4.3 million people are infected worldwide each year, with approximately 28,000 to 142,000 deaths per year. Only about 1 in 10 people with cholera develop typical signs and symptoms. Cholera outbreaks in 2015-2016 include southern Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania and Kenya, with more than 216 deaths, the latest of which are 121 people with cholera in Iraq, the first outbreak since 2012 and in Cuba, the first outbreak in more than 130 years.
The term cholera has a long history (see history section below) and has been assigned to several other diseases. For example, cholera or chicken cholera disease can quickly kill chickens and other species of birds quickly with major symptoms of diarrhea. However, the causative factor in the bird is the Mastocida Pastorella, a negative negative bacterium. Similarly, cholera pigs (also called pigs or cholera pigs) can cause rapid death (in about 15 days) in pigs with fever symptoms, skin lesions, and seizures. This disease is caused by an insect virus called KSF (classic swine fever virus). None of these animal diseases are related to human cholera, but the terms can be confusing.
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What is the history of cholera?
Cholera is likely to affect humans for centuries. Reports of cholera-like illness were found in India as early as 1000 m. Cholera is a term derived from the Greek Gaelic (disease of bile) and then in the 14th century to Collier (French) and Collar (English). In the seventeenth century, cholera was R.